Herschel, Sir John Frederick William

(1792-1871)
   Born in Slough, Buckinghamshire, he was the son of Sir William Herschel, the celebrated astronomer who discovered the planet Uranus. John graduated from St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1813, was immediately elected to a fellowship, and gained his M.A. in 1816. The Royal Society elected him a fellow in 1813; he received the Copley Medal in 1821, became president of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1827, and was knighted in 1831. He followed his father into the study of astronomy and spent 1834-1838 at the Cape of Good Hope cataloging double stars and nebulae of the southern hemisphere and studying Halley's comet. His major works were Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy (1830) and A Treatise on Astronomy (1833), later revised into one of the most celebrated scientific treatises ever published, Outlines of Astronomy (1849). He is buried in the North Aisle of the Nave of Westminster Abbey. Three of his known poems: "On Burning a Parcel of Old MSS," "The Child to his Mother, Absent," "Tick! Tick! Tick!"
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. Encyclopedia of Britain. Bamber Gascoigne. London: Macmillan, 1994. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Herschel , Sir John Frederick William — (1792–1871) British astronomer. See Herschel, Sir (Frederick) William …   Scientists

  • Herschel, Sir John Frederick William — (1792 1871)    S. of Sir William H., the eminent astronomer and discoverer of the planet Uranus, was b. at Slough, and ed. at Camb., where he was Senior Wrangler and first Smith s prizeman. He became one of the greatest of English astronomers.… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Sir John Frederick William Herschel — noun English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792 1871) • Syn: ↑Herschel, ↑John Herschel, ↑Sir John Herschel • Instance Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • John Frederick William Herschel — John Herschel Sir John Frederick William Herschel (* 7. März 1792 in Slough bei Windsor; † 11. Mai 1871 in Hawkhurst, Kent) war ein britischer Astronom. John Herschel war der Sohn von Wilhelm Herschel und wurde zunächst Jurist. Später wandte er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Frederick William Herschel — John Herschel Pour les articles homonymes, voir Herschel. Sir John Herschel, par Julia Margaret Cameron, 1867 Sir John Frederick William Herschel ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herschel, John Frederick William — SUBJECT AREA: Photography, film and optics [br] b. 7 March 1792 Slough, England d. 11 May 1871 Collingwood, England [br] English scientist who introduced hypo (thiosulphate) as a photographic fixative and discovered the blueprint process. [br]… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Sir John Herschel — noun English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792 1871) • Syn: ↑Herschel, ↑John Herschel, ↑Sir John Frederick William Herschel • Instance… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Herschel , Sir (Frederick) William — (1738–1822) German–British astronomer Herschel, who was born in Hannover, started life in the same occupation as his father – an oboist with the band of the Hannoverian footguards. He moved permanently to England in 1757, where he worked as a… …   Scientists

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